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Sanming

Fujian
China

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Sanming is a prefecture-level city located in the western part of Fujian province, China. It is known for its rich natural resources, lush mountains, and breathtaking scenery, being surrounded by the Wuyi and Daiyun mountain ranges. Sanming's geographic features are characterized by a significant amount of green vegetation, with over 80% of its area covered by forests, which contributes to its reputation as a 'green pearl' within the province. The city covers an area of approximately 22,928 square kilometers and houses a population of around 2.3 million people, according to the most recent data available. Sanming's demography largely consists of the Han Chinese majority, with various other ethnic minorities such as the She, Hui, and Tujia peoples also present. Culturally, the area is known for its unique Fujian traditions, which include the famous Fujian opera, a variety of local cuisines, and traditional Chinese festivals celebrated by the locals with great enthusiasm. Historically, the region was often considered remote and was less affected by the early historical events that shaped the coastal areas of Fujian. However, with the construction of railroads and roads connecting it to the rest of the province in the 20th century, Sanming emerged as an important industrial city, especially in terms of coal mining and paper milling. This led to economic growth and a more significant role in the province's development. Currently, Sanming is focusing on sustainable development and the promotion of ecotourism owing to its rich environmental assets. Tourist attractions include the famous Taining Global Geopark, known for its Danxia landforms, and the China Fir Botanical Garden in Shaxian district. Economically, besides forestry and tourism, Sanming's industries also encompass machinery, electronics, chemicals, construction materials, and textiles. The city has been actively pursuing a transition from traditional manufacturing to a more diversified economy, with an increasing emphasis on high-tech and environmentally friendly industries. Educationally, it is home to several institutions of higher learning, including Sanming University. Demographically, while dealing with urbanization trends common across China, Sanming also works to preserve its rural heritage and the environment. Its efforts to balance economic development with ecological conservation have become a model in the region. The languages spoken in Sanming primarily include Mandarin, which is the official language used throughout China. However, the presence of diverse ethnic groups brings in local dialects such as Hokkien and the Minnan language, both of which belong to the family of Chinese dialects. While Mandarin is universally used in education and government, local dialects continue to thrive in daily communication and cultural expressions. The city's efforts to preserve its cultural heritage while embracing modernization have made it an intriguing example of China's rapid transformation juxtaposed with its deep-rooted traditions. As with many cities in China, the influence of globalization and internal migration is contributing to the dynamic and evolving cultural and demographic landscape of Sanming.

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